What is Gurukul?
Gurukul is the education system of ancient India, where students or shishya and teacher or guru live together and learning keeps going on throughout the day. Gurukul education consists of few key aspects which are Vedas, epics, literature and archery. These subjects or learnings when blended with the Guru’s expertise, create a student who is creative as well as ready for all challenges.
Modern Education System
The Modern Education System, as we all know, includes many subjects like Science, Mathematics, English etc. The students of the Modern School are dependent on their parents for education. This is because, it is the parents who have to pay the whopping costs of education. In fact, sometimes it becomes difficult for people to afford education for their child. On the other hand, Gurukul revolves around the concept that education should not be sold. Therefore, in a Gurukul there is nothing called as fees but Guru Dakshina which can be of any form.
History of Gurukul and Modern education system
It is quite surprising that India has had Gurukuls since 5000BC. In Sanatan scripture like Ramayana and Mahabharata, it is mentioned that, Lord Ram, the Pandav brothers and almost every character took their education and initial learnings from Gurukul only.
Coming to modern school, well, it has no history. The very concept of school itself evoked in the year 1796 Period.
Contribution of Gurukuls and its pupils in Modern Education
Going by the facts, it is safe to say that, Modern education system does not stand anywhere around Gurukul. The students who studied in Gurukul made calculations possible and allowed world to do research. Even great scientists like Newton and Einstein would not be able to do anything if, Aryabhata would not have discovered Zero. Rutherford would not have made his predictions if Kanada would not have given the concept that atoms combine to form object.
Indian Gurukul students played an important role to encourage the world to do research and enhance the ease of living. Some of their contributions are:-
1. The Idea of Zero
2. The Decimal System
3. Numeral Notations
4. Fibbonacci Numbers
5. Binary Numbers
6. Chakravala Method of Algorithms
7. Ruler Measurements
8. A Theory of Atom
9. The Heliocentric Theory
13. Plastic Surgery
16. Iron-Cased Rockets
All these researches are just a trailer. There are millions of similar analysis made for Astronomy, Mathematics, Architecture, Science, Medical etc. And also, there are hundreds of similar examples which would only prove that if it were not for the Ancient Education or the Gurukuls, Modern Education System would have been baseless.
History of Destruction of Nalanda and Gurukuls
India has world’s most ancient university called University of Taxila (now in Pakistan) and Nalanda which is around 1000 years old. Nalanda was a great center of knowledge. It attracted students from as far as Persia, Turkey, Greece, China and Tibet. Accommodating up to 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers, the university housed a library which unmatched any other library elsewhere in the world. Various subjects like theology, grammar, logic, astronomy, metaphysics, medicine and philosophy were taught here. Loved by Buddha and Mahavira, and nourished by Ashoka, Guptas, Palas, Kanishka and Harshavardhan; Nalanda was undoubtedly the pride of India.
Unfortunately, in 1193 AD, came a cruel army of Turks under Bakthiyar Khilji. The savages burnt and also looted Nalanda. Thousands of monks were burnt alive and thousands more were beheaded. Since the great Library was put on fire, its massive collection of books and manuscripts continued to burn for three straight months! What this means is that, for three months, the fire could not be exhausted!
Then in June 1834, Macauley came to India. He got afraid of traditional Indian Education system because he realized that Gurukuls are the strength of India which can make it to lead the entire world. Therefore, millions of Gurukuls were destroyed and forcefully India adopted modern education system.
We still study according to the modern education system which is completely a British concept. Our curriculum contains the chapters which rarely can help us in our daily life. Take a minute to think, what would you do knowing about Nazis in Germany?
Would it not be great to know the History of Valour of Shivaji or Bhagat Singh?